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Приложение 2. Примеры заданий на аудирование

1) Задание на прослушивание ряда минимальных пар слов и выбор слова в соответ­ствии с заданным стимулом.

Целью выполнения задания является развитие фонетико-перцептивного навыка опозна­вать сигнификативную и дистинктивную функцию фонемы.

Тренировочное задание.

1 Listen to 15 minimal pairs of words and choose (V) the one according to what you hear. Pay attention to the initial consonant.

A 1 they — day B 4 thick — sick C 7 few — hue

2 those — doze 5 thought — taught 8 fear — hear

3 then — den 6 think — sink 9 force — horse D 10 seas — she’s E 13 light — right

11 sip — ship 14 lice — rice

12 seat — sheet 15 long — wrong

6) Задание на распознавание сокращенных форм слов в связной речи

1. So________ talking about routines and in the evening,_____ your usual routine?

(we're, what's)

2. Weekend routine is more relaxed.______ not as stuck, I guess. The weekend, yeah,

_______ maybe go for dinner or go for a bath. (It's, we'd)

3. When budget allows and our daughter,_____ five, so_______ more freedom that

comes when your children get older. (she's, there's)

4. When_______ trekking during the day and getting a lot of exercise, you certainly

_______ feel cold. (you 're, don't)

5. _______ definitely not the kind_______ stay at home and do only the household

stuff. (I'm, who'll)

6. _______ rather prefer staying at home and you know, waiting for their husband to

come home in the evening or stuff like that, but______ definitely not that kind.

(They'd, I'm)

7. So it was all made of silk and it was bright pink with peacocks and flowers and things.

And_________ taken it to a shop and______ converted it for her. (she'd, they'd)

9) Задание на проведение интонационно-ритмической разметки текста.

Целью выполнения задания является развитие фонетико-перцептивного навыка различе­ния ритмической и интонационной структуры фразы.

Listen to these five sentences. Tone groups are already marked. Rewrite them indicating the on­set syllable (if appropriate) and the tonic syllable, and indicating if the tone movement is a fall, or a fall-rise.

1 // im sorry // but i really dont know//

2 // is this going to go here // or there//

3 // thats another big bill weve got to pay//

4 // those letters for you // and these ones for me //

5 // id like to offer you the job//

10) Задание на определение коммуникативного намерения говорящего на основе ло­гического ударения.

Целью выполнения задания является развитие фонетико-перцептивного навыка определе­ния функции логического ударения для обозначения информационной структуры выска­зывания.

Listen to the utterances (1—5) below. Match them to the possible meanings (a0150e). Tonic syl­lables are shown in capitals and underlined.

Utterances Possible meanings
1 I’LL walk with you to the station.

2 I’ll WALK with you to the station.

3 I’ll walk with YOU to the station.

4 I’ll walk with you TO the station.

5 I’ll walk with you to the STAtion.

a I don’t want to bring my car. b But not back again. c But not as far as the park. d But I’m not going with him. e Nobody else has offered.

11) Задание на определение отношения говорящего к предмету высказывания на ос­новании интонационного рисунка высказывания.

Целью выполнения задания является развитие фонетико-перцептивного навыка определе­ния функции интонации для обозначения информационной структуры высказывания. Listen and decide whether B uses a rise-falling tone (RF) or a low falling tone (LF) in each response. Underline RF or LF. In which responses is B being enthusiastic?

EXAMPLE A: You had a good time, then. B: Superb! RF / LF enthusiastic

1 A: I can't find tickets.

B: Brilliant! RF / LF

2 A: The house had well in the kitchen. B: Extraordinary! RF / LF

3 A: That's the third red bus I've seen today. B: Fascinating! RF / LF

4 A: Dan's coming over at six. B: Great! RF / LF

5 A: Kate's just phoned to say she'll be late. B: Marvellous! RF / LF

6 A: She speaks 14 languages. B: Remarkable! RF / LF

7 A: These beetles glow in the dark. B: Interesting! RF / LF

12) Задание на определение отношения говорящего к предмету высказывания на ос­нове интонационного рисунка и логического ударения.

Целью выполнения задания является развитие фонетико-перцептивного навыка определе­ния функции фразового ударения для обозначения информационной структуры высказы­вания.

Listen to the sentences from the lecture. Determine the instructor's attitude based on the words intonation patterns, and stress. Then confirm your answers with the class. (Note: Numbers are in italics because they can't be capitalized to show stress

1. The WORLD HEALTH OrganiZAtion estimates that 200 MILlion people may be infected with the parasite, / and that 200,000 die EVERY YEAR.

Speaker's attitude:

2. The WHO states that GAStroenteritis kills 5 TO 8 MILlion people per YEAR / and is the LEADing cause of DEATH for children UNDER the age of five! / THIS, when gastroen­teritis can be treated SIMply by rehydration.

Speaker's attitude:

3. As if this weren't ENOUGH, / LARGE GROUPS of PEople attract / what we call “agents of disease” / - mosQUItoes and RATS.

Speaker's attitude:

4. Measles, SMALLpox, influenza, and WHOoping cough / killed MANY of the natives throughout NORTH and SOUTH America, the PaCIfic Islands, and AusTRAlia. / SOME populations were completely wiped out, / and others had such seVERE disease rates / that their cultures were deSTROYed.

Speaker's attitude:

13) Задание на определение новизны информации на основе интонационного рисун­ка.

Целью выполнения задания является развитие фонетико-перцептивного навыка определе­ния функции интонации для обозначения информационной структуры высказывания.

Listen and decide whether the speech units in the B parts have a rising tone (put я

in the box) or a falling tone ( ). n^

EXAMPLE A: Where on earth did you find that?

B: // I came across it // all f in an antique shop // \

1 A: What time shall we leave?

B: // we could go now | | // as you're ready // ?

2 A: What time did David get back?

B: // i heard him come in // | | at about three // ?

3 A: I'm not sure his plan would work very well.

B: // i thought his suggestion // | | was ridiculous // ?

4 A: The hall was packed, wasn't it?

B: // i hate it | | // when it's so crowded // ?

5 A: Do you want a drink?

B: // i wouldn't mind some orange juice | | // if you've got any // ?

6 A: When did they tell you it would get here?

B: // they said it would be delivered // | | by yesterday // ?

7 A: Have you heard Trio Gitano play before?

B: // i first saw them perform // | | a couple of years ago // | |

8 A: I could move that easily.

B: // well why don't you try | | // if you think you're so strong // ?

Now listen again. Press ‘pause ’ before each B part and read it aloud. Then press ‘play ’ again and compare your pronunciation with what follows. [2]

a) Open all hours
b) Waiter, waiter, there’s a chef in my soup
c) A fishy tale
d) A free lunch
a) Story c) Story
b) Story d) Story

16) Задание на определение темы текста на основе изученного лексического матери­ала и составление списка ключевых слов.

Listen to the news describing natural disasters. Write down the key words. What natural disas­ters are being described?

Extract 1_____________________________

Extract 2_____________________________

17) Задание на выбор главной идеи текста из нескольких предложенных вариантов. Тема «Город».

Целью выполнения задания является развитие умения определять основную идею текста на основе прослушанного звукового сообщения.

Listen to the passage. What is the main idea?

a. Modern ideas about cities can be traced back to ancient cities.

b. Modern ideas about cities developed only very recently.

c. Modern ideas about cities developed in response to terrible conditions in 19th century cit­ies.

d. Modern ideas about cities helped to change living conditions in cities.

18) Задание «верно-неверно». Тема «Здоровье».

Целью выполнения задания является развитие умения определять главную мысль на осно­ве прослушанного звукового сообщения.

Listen to the passage. Choose true or false for each statement.

1 Drinking unclean water can cause serious illness.

a. true b. false

2 According to the World Health Organization, 200 million people a year die from a disease caused by drinking water that contains parasites.

a. true b. false

3 Gastroenteritis is a fatal disease, it cannot be cured.

a. true b. false

19) Задание на определение нескольких основных идей текста из ряда предложенных вариантов. Тема «Современное искусство».

Целью выполнения задания является развитие умения определять главную мысль на осно­ве прослушанного звукового сообщения.

Listen to the lecture "Cubism as Fashion Art". Choose the three main ideas.

a) The topic of the lecture is analytical cubism.

b) Cubism was influential as an art movement .

c) Some of Picasso’s recent sketches have never been displayed before.

d) Good art combines skill and energy.

e) Artist's work must be skillfully impressive.

f) Art becomes "fashion art” when novelty becomes more important than skill.

g) Fashion art is new, so it will attract buyers.

h) Synthetic cubism and cubist construction are fashion art.

i) In “Portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler”, geometric shapes and cubes interlock.

j) Picasso’s “Guitar” is an open construction.

k) Later on, Picasso moved into collage.

l) “Guitar, Sheet Music and Wine Glass and Man with a Hat” are examples of cubist collage.

20) Задание на заполнение таблицы. Тема «Город».

Целью выполнения задания является развитие умения определять основную идею и тему текста на основе прослушанного звукового сообщения.

Listen to the entire lecture and complete the chart. As you listen, write the name of each Mod­ern City Vision next to the name of the urban planner who created the vision. Write down the main points about each of the city visions.

Urban Planner Name of Modern City Vision Main Point
Ebenezer Howard
Le Corbusier
Daniel Burnham

22) Задание на обозначение элемента информации.

Целью выполнения задания является развитие навыка распределять внимание, концентри­руя его на определенных элементах содержания текста; развитие умения извлекать из тек­ста выборочную информацию.

Read the following table, then listen to the recording and tick the information mentioned.

Name of Festival - the Ch’u Yan Festival

- the Dragon Boat Festival

Time - 5th day of the 5th month in Chinese lunar calendar

- 5th day of the 5th month in Chinese solar calendar

Reason - protect the river from dragons and spirits

- remember the tragic suicide of a politician

Preparations - repaint boats

- build boats

- train for boat races

- design route of boat race

Actual day - throw rice dumplings into the river

- boat races

- eat rice cakes

- search for Ch’u Yan’s body

Feelings - not very interesting

- an unforgettable experience

29) Задание на дополнение и сопоставление прослушанного текста с письменным из­ложением текста.

Целью выполнения задания является развитие умения извлекать выборочную информа­цию; развитие механизма внимания; развитие умения находить различия и противоречия в тексте.

You will hear a woman talking about a Chinese friend. Listen to the first part of the recording and complete these sentences:

- Her friend's father was a ...

- As a punishment in his family, the children had to ...

Listen to the second part of the recording and find five things wrong or missing in this descrip­tion: “Well, it's quite easy really. You just get some ink, dip your brush in it, and then make a few strokes on piece of paper. Once you've got used to it, you can usually get it exactly right straight away, so you can do it very quickly without really thinking“ (см. Приложение 3).

30) Задание на заполнение пропусков на основе заданного ряда слов.

Целью выполнения задания является развитие прогностических умений; развитие умения извлекать выборочную информацию.

Type the correct words to complete the text. Listen to confirm your answers. balanced litter damage releases complex improve promote stimulates

Second, forest fires ____________________ soil quality. The __________________ on the forest floor

would normally decompose very slowly. The fire_______________________ the nutrients in the litter

right away — creating an increase in the amount of phosphorus and potassium available to the

forest plants, which are key elements to________________________ tree growth. This makes the soil

rich for further seed growth, too. The heat from a fire ______________________ soil microorganisms,

which again promote growth. To have a_______________________ view of the effects of forest fires,

yes, we must also consider the______________________ wildfires have on some plants and animals.

The effects of fires on forests are really quite _______________________ but that's a matter for anoth­

er lecture.

32) Задание на выстраивание плана текста в логической последовательности

Целью выполнения задания является развитие умения отделять главную информацию от второстепенной; развитие навыка распределять внимание, концентрируя его на опреде­ленных элементах содержания текста.

These 10 key pieces of information from the lecture are listed out of order. Place each piece of information in the appropriate place in the lecture outline.

1. Review of trait theory

2. Homework: to read about situational theories of leadership

3. Introduction to behavioral theory

4. An example of consideration versus initiation behavior

5. Research behavioral theory

6. Weakness of behavioral theory

7. Weakness of trait theory

8. Research on the influence of work situations

9. Two main orientations of behavioral theory: consideration and behaviors-definitions

10. Work situations and their impact on leadership behavior Leadership Behavior Listen to the lecture to check the order of the information.

34) Задание на множественный выбор.

Целью выполнения задания является: активизация фоновых знаний; развитие прогности­ческих умений; развитие умения определять факты и детали в соответствии с поставлен­ной задачей.

How much do you know about cities around the world?

What proportion of the world's population lives in cities?

a) Over 80% c)About a third

b) About two thirds d) About half

2 Which is the world's largest capital city? Mexico City

a) Tokyo c) Mexico City

b) Seoul d) New Delhi

3 Which is Europe's noisiest capital?

a) Athens c) Rome

b) Madrid d) Paris

4 Which is the world's oldest capital city?

a) Baghdad c) Cairo

b) Damascus d) Amman

5 Which is the world's highest capital city?

a) La Paz (Bolivia) c) Quito (Ecuador)

b) Lima (Peru) d) Kathmandu (Nepal)

6 Which was the first city to reach a population of million?

a) Mexico City c) London

b) Rome d) New York Listen and check your answers.

39) Задание на соотнесение причины и следствия.

Целью выполнения задания является развитие навыка концентрировать внимание от нача­ла до конца поступления звукового сообщения; развитие умения определять причинно­следственную связь между событиями.

Listen to the lecture. Match the phrases to create complete sentences. Write the correct letter.

_ Small wildfires protect forests from a. allow more of the energy

large-scale combined crown, surface, from the sun to reach the and ground fires because these fires forest floor.

__ Forest fires reduce tree disease and b. can burn away the smaller pests because these fires shrubs that might compete

with the big trees for resources.

__ Forest fires improve soil quality because c. don’t have enough heat to burn

they the big trees.

__ Low-temperature forest fires can actually d. eliminate trees that are

strengthen big trees because these fires weakened by them.

__ Forest fires encourage seed growth in e. open up the canopy that

certain varieties of trees because they normally prevents sunlight from entering the forest.

__ Forest fires allow more of the energy f. provide heat needed to open up

from the sun to reach the forest floor pine cones, allowing them to because they release their seeds.

__ Forest fires encourage smaller plants to g. release nutrients from the

grow because these fires leaves, twigs, and branches on the forest floor into the soil.

41) Задание на соотнесение утверждения с мнением говорящего. Тема «Народонасе­ление стран Азии и Востока. Традиции и обычаи».

Целью выполнения задания является развитие умения удерживать внимание на содержа­нии звучащего текста, от начала до окончания поступления информации; развитие умения определять отношение говорящего к предмету высказывания.

You will hear an interview with a member of the Sikh community in Britain, who talks about the idea of arranged marriage. Listen to the part of the interview. Which of these statements repre­sent what the speaker says?

a) He and his wife were childhood friends.

b) He and his wife were both equally happy to get married.

c) Once the parents have chosen a partner, the children usually have to accept it.

d) Sometimes it is the children who choose who they would like to marry.

e) His wife's mother took the first steps in arranging their marriage.

f) He and his wife have similar interests and opinions.

g) Their marriage has been a success.

h) Money is a very important consideration in choosing a husband.

49) Задание на сортировку прослушанной информации и составление списка дис­курсных маркеров в соответствии с заданной категорией.

Целью выполнения задания является развитие умения классифицировать содержащуюся в тексте информацию; развитие умения распознавать средства логической связи.

Speech markers to build coher­ence in the lec­ture

Introduction

Speech markers to build coher­ence in the lec­ture Body Speech markers to build coher­ence in the lec­ture

Conclusion

Speech markers to build coher­ence by showing Examples Speech markers to build coher­ence by signaling a Change in Topic

Приложение 3. Примеры заданий на аудирование, выполняемых в электронной лаборатории «My Academic Connections Lab»

Listen to the lecture. Then answer the questions based on what is stated or implied by the speakers. You may take notes while you listen. Use your notes to help you answer the questions.

1 Listen again to the first section of the lecture. Then answer questions 1 and 2.

What is the speaker’s primary purpose in the talk?

a. to inform

b. to entertain

c. to persuade

d. to criticize

Grade: 1

User Resp°nses: a.to inform

rrect Answer: a.to inform

Feedback:

2. How do you know the speaker’s primary purpose?

a. The speaker uses the word “story.”

b. The speaker gives many facts.

c. The speaker points out the difference between facts and opinions.

d. The speaker discusses medicine.

1

b. The speaker gives many facts. b.The speaker gives many facts.

3. Listen again to the first sentence of the next section of the lecture. Then answer question 3.

Which of the following choices best shows the thought groups and how the words in the sentence are stressed?

a. SMALLpox is ONE of the MOST devastating / diseases KNOWN to humanity, and unfortunately, NO efFECtive treatment for it HAS ever BEEN discovered.

b. Smallpox IS one of the most DEVastating diseases known TO huMANity, and unfortunately, / no effective TREATment for IT has EVer been discovered

c. Smallpox is ONE of the MOST devastating diseases KNOWN TO humanity, / and unfortunately, no effective treatment for IT HAS ever BEEN discovered.

d. SMALLpox is one of the most DEVastating disEASes known to huMANity, / and unFORtunately, / NO effective TREATment for it has EVer been disCOVered.

1

d.SMALLpox is one of the most DEVastating disEASes known to huMANity, / and unFORtunately, / NO effective TREATment for it has EVer been disCOVered.

d.SMALLpox is one of the most DEVastating disEASes known to huMANity, / and unFORtunately, / NO effective TREATment for it has EVer been disCOVered.

Click on the button to hear “Behavioral Theories of Leadership.” Then listen to the passage and choose the correct answers.

1. In the last class, the professor discussed some of the problems with research in behavioral theories of leadership.

a. true

b. false

Grade: 1

User Responses: b false

Correct Answer: b false

Feedback:

2. Defining specific traits that leaders have is useful in describing leaders.

a. true

b. false

Grade: 1

User Responses: a true

Correct Answer: a true

Feedback:

3. Defining specific traits that leaders have is useful in explaining why certain people become leaders.

a. true

b. false

Grade: 1

User Responses: ь fa|se

Correct Answer: b fa|se

Feedback:

4. Research in traits could NOT be used to select leaders based on their traits.

a. true

b. false

Grade: 1

User Responses: a true

Correct Answer: a true

Feedback:

5. Behavioral theories of leadership focus on the actions of leaders.

a. true

b. false

Grade: 1

User Responses: a true

Correct Answer: a true

Feedback:

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Источник: Говорун Светлана Викторовна. Развитие навыков и умений аудирования у студентов-востоковедов, изучающих английский язык . Диссертация. СПбГУ.. 2015

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  10. ЛАГУТИНА Мария Львовна. ГЛОБАЛЬНЫЙ РЕГИОН КАК ЭЛЕМЕНТ МИРОВОЙ ПОЛИТИЧЕСКОЙ СИСТЕМЫ XXI ВЕКА (НА ПРИМЕРЕ ЕВРАЗИЙСКОГО СОЮЗА). ДИССЕРТАЦИЯ на соискание ученой степени доктора политических наук, 2016
  11. ДМИТРИЕВА ДАРЬЯ МИХАЙЛОВНА. СТРАТЕГИЧЕСКИЕ АЛЬЯНСЫ КАК ФОРМА МЕЖДУНАРОДНОГО ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОГО СОТРУДНИЧЕСТВА (на примере стратегического альянса Renault-Nissan-АвтоВАЗ). ДИССЕРТАЦИЯ на соискание ученой степени кандидата экономических наук. СПбГУ., 2014
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  17. *В соответствии со статьей 1 Закона Республики Беларусь «О порядке вступления в силу Конституции Республики Беларусь» вступила в силу со дня ее опубликования.